Traffic Ordinances

The traffic ordinances authorize the University of Minnesota to employ peace officers and address the regulation of traffic and parking on all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

The ordinances were last amended in 2010.

Ordinance 1 - Authorization to Employ Peace Officers | Ordinance 2 - Regulation of Traffic and Parking | Ordinance 3 - Regulation of Bicycle Traffic and Parking | Ordinance 4 - Regulation of Skateboarding and Rollerskating | Ordinance 5 - Regulation of Traffic and Parking upon the University Transitway | Ordinance 6 - Regulation of Moped Operation and Parking

ORDINANCE NO. 1

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION ("UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA"), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. Pursuant to authority granted in Minnesota Statutes Chapters 137 and 169, the University of Minnesota is hereby authorized to employ peace officers of the University of Minnesota.

Section 2. Said peace officers shall have the powers of arrest to enforce the rules, regulations and ordinances adopted by the University of Minnesota and the Highway Traffic Regulations Act, all pursuant to Minnesota Statutes Chapters 137 and 169, as amended.

ARTICLE II.

SAVING CLAUSE
If any part or parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE III.

EFFECTIVE DATE
This ordinance and any amendments thereto shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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ORDINANCE NO. 2

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION ("UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA"), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

APPLICATION
This ordinance and subsequent ordinances, unless expressly stated therein, shall apply to the regulation of traffic and parking upon parking facilities, highways, streets, private roads and roadways, as herein defined, situated on all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

Where not in conflict with the Regents of the University of Minnesota Traffic Regulation Ordinances, the Uniform Highway Traffic Regulations Act and Minnesota Statutes Chapters 137 and 169, as amended and revised, shall apply upon all properties and facilities owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

ARTICLE II.

DEFINITIONS
The following words and phrases when used in this ordinance and subsequent ordinances, unless expressly stated therein, shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section:

Section 1. Street or Highway. "Street or Highway" means the entire width between curb or surface lines of any way or place when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for the purposes of vehicular traffic.

Section 2. Private Road or Driveway. "Private Road or Driveway" includes every street or highway not dedicated to the respective governmental subdivision and every way or place in University of Minnesota ownership used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not other persons.

Section 3. Roadway. "Roadway" means that portion of a street or highway, private road or driveway or parking facility designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel or the accommodation of stopped or parked vehicles.

Section 4. Parking. "Parking" refers to the standing of a vehicle upon a street or highway, private road or driveway or roadway, whether accompanied or unaccompanied by the operator thereof.

Section 5. Parking Facility. "Parking Facility" refers to those areas or structures located on University of Minnesota owned or leased property and authorized for the parking of vehicles, whether without charge or for a fee.

Section 6. Unless specifically defined herein, any term used in this ordinance and defined in Minnesota Statutes Section 169.01 has the meaning given it by that Section.

ARTICLE III.

TRAFFIC PROVISIONS
Section 1. Miscellaneous Provision. No vehicle shall be driven, operated or parked upon properties owned by or under the supervision and control of the University of Minnesota, except upon parking facilities, highways or streets, private roads or driveways and roadways, as defined in this ordinance, and then only subject to the provisions of the Ordinances of the Regents of the University of Minnesota, the Highway Traffic Regulation Act (Minnesota Statutes Chapter 169, as amended) or other lawful authority.

Section 2. Stopping. It shall be unlawful for any person to drive and operate, stop or park a vehicle upon any roadway so as to needlessly, unnecessarily and unwarrantedly block, obstruct or interfere with the orderly flow of traffic, vehicular and pedestrian. Proof that such traffic was blocked, obstructed or interfered with shall be prima facie evidence that such blocking, obstructing and interference was needless, unnecessary and unwarranted.

No vehicles shall stop on or in any crosswalk or driveway so as to interfere with the passage of pedestrians.

Section 3. Parking.

Establishment.

  1. Parking is prohibited upon all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota which have not been designated a parking facility or as parking areas and appropriately marked as such, except that a vehicle may be temporarily parked for the purpose of loading or unloading where access to the premises is not otherwise available and in specially designated construction staging areas. A clear and safe path of travel for pedestrians must be maintained at all times.
  2. Except where signs designate angle parking, no person shall stand or park a vehicle other than parallel with the edge of the roadway, headed in the direction of traffic, with the curb-side wheels of the vehicle within twelve inches of the edge of the roadway and not closer than four feet to another vehicle parked at the curb; or not in compliance with the established signs and marking then evident.
  3. Except where signs designate angle parking upon any roadway not having a curb, each vehicle stopped or parked shall be stopped or parked parallel with and to the right of the paved or improved or main traveled part of the street or highway.
  4. No person shall park a vehicle for a longer period of time than is designated on traffic control devices marking such zone.
  5. No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle, unless directed to do so by a police officer, on any roadway where the University of Minnesota has authorized a "No Parking Zone," or Bus Stop or Bus Zone and such zone is marked by sign or yellow curb.
  6. No person shall park a vehicle on any roadway except pursuant to the terms or conditions regulating parking on said properties as indicated on the parking meter instruction plates or upon signs erected in the area.
    1. If said vehicle shall remain in any such parking space beyond the parking time limit for such parking space and the parking meter shall have displayed the sign for illegal parking, such vehicle shall be considered as parked overtime and such overtime parking shall be a violation of this ordinance.
    2. No person shall deposit or cause to be deposited in any parking meter any slugs, devices or other substances as a substitute for a coin of the United States.
    3. No person shall damage, deface, tamper with, open or willfully break, destroy or impair the usefulness of any parking meter installed under the provisions of this ordinance.
  7. Official University Vehicle Zones.
    1. No person shall stand or park any vehicle, except an official University vehicle designated with a proper permit displayed from the rear view mirror of such vehicle in any area designated and posted as an official University vehicle zone, and then only in accordance with the conditions of the permit and the posted signs.
  8. Parking Facilities and Parking Areas. All parking in parking facilities and areas designated as parking areas shall be in conformity with posted signs and instructions and pavement markings, unless otherwise directed by lawful authority.

Section 4. Careless Driving. No person shall operate or halt any vehicle carelessly or recklessly upon a roadway in disregard of the rights or safety of others or in a manner so as to endanger or be likely to endanger any person or property.

Section 5. Speed Limits. No vehicle shall be driven or operated upon a roadway at a speed greater than twenty miles per hour, or less if otherwise posted.

Section 6. Special Hazards. Notwithstanding the speed limits set forth in Section 5 of this ordinance, no person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions, and having regard for the actual and potential hazards then existing. In every event, the speed shall be so restricted as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle or other conveyance on or entering the street, avenue or roadway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.

Section 7. Obedience to Traffic Control Signs and Devices. No pedestrian, driver of a vehicle or person riding an animal or bicycle shall disobey the instructions of any official traffic control sign or device, unless at the time otherwise directed by a police officer or parking enforcement personnel.

Section 8. Towing. Any police officer or parking enforcement personnel are hereby empowered to cause to be removed and towed any unattended vehicle, including those determined to be abandoned, standing or parked in violation of the terms of this ordinance, the Uniform Traffic Regulation Act or other lawful authority. Where such vehicle is towed away and stored, such vehicle will not be returned to the owner thereof except upon satisfactory proof of ownership and upon payment of the reasonable cost for towage and storage of such vehicle.

ARTICLE IV.

PARKING ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL

Section 1. The President or his/her designee is authorized to execute in the name of the Regents of the University of Minnesota a certificate of appointment for persons designated as University Parking Enforcement Personnel, whose appointment, salary, wages and other terms and conditions of employment shall be pursuant to the University of Minnesota Civil Service Rules or applicable bargaining unit contract.

Section 2. Parking enforcement personnel shall have the authority to issue traffic tags for parking meter and other non-moving violations under the code and the state traffic laws, on property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota. Such tags shall have the same force and effect as though issued by a duly appointed qualified and acting peace officer.

ARTICLE V.

VIOLATIONS

Section 1. Prima facie violation. The presence of any motor vehicle on any street when standing or parked in violation of this ordinance is prima facie evidence that the registered owner of the vehicle committed or authorized the commission of the violation.

Section 2. Separate violations. Unless otherwise provided, each act of violation and every day on which a violation occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense.

Section 3. Penalties. Any person found violating any of the provisions of this ordinance upon conviction shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

ARTICLE VI.

SAVING CLAUSE

If any part or parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE VII.

EFFECTIVE DATE

This ordinance shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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ORDINANCE NO. 3

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION ("UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA"), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

This ordinance and subsequent ordinances, unless expressly stated therein, shall apply to the regulation of bicycles and bicycle traffic and parking upon all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

ARTICLE II.

DEFINITIONS

Unless specifically defined herein, any term used in this ordinance and defined in Minnesota Statutes, Section 169.01 has the meaning given it by that Section.

ARTICLE III.

DRIVING AND OPERATION OF BICYCLES

Section 1. Every person operating a bicycle upon properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota shall have all the rights and duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this ordinance and Minnesota Statutes Chapters 137 and 169, except as to provisions of such ordinance or statutes which by their nature have no application.

Section 2. No person shall ride and propel a bicycle upon property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota except in a prudent and careful manner, with reasonable regard to the safety of the operator and other persons.

Section 3. No person shall operate a bicycle on sidewalks, crosswalks or pedestrian areas located on property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota except:

  1. in compliance with all posted signs governing or directing the operation or parking of bicycles, where applicable; and
  2. where bicycle lanes are designated by lane markings and signs or pavement markings.

Section 4. A person walking a bicycle on sidewalks or plazas on properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota shall have all the rights and duties applicable to pedestrians.

ARTICLE IV.

PARKING AND STORAGE OF BICYCLES

Section 1. No person shall park a bicycle in any classroom, auditorium, laboratory or other place which blocks or limits access to building entrances, handicap or pedestrian ramps, stairways, hallways, doors, fire hydrants, fire lanes, bicycle lanes or sidewalks except where a bicycle rack extends into any of these areas.

Section 2. No person shall transport bicycles in University of Minnesota building elevators or operate bicycles in University of Minnesota buildings.

Section 3. No person shall chain or otherwise attach a bicycle to any tree or plant material or park a bicycle on any handicap or pedestrian ramp.

Section 4. Any police officer or agent of the chief law enforcement officer is hereby empowered to cause to be removed and stored in other areas on University of Minnesota premises or in a public garage any unattended bicycle standing or parked in violation of Sections 1 and 3 of this ordinance, the Uniform Traffic Regulation Act or other lawful authority.

Where such bicycle is removed and stored in other areas on the premises of the University of Minnesota or in such public garage, such bicycle will be held for 30 days and will not be returned to the owner thereof except upon satisfactory proof of ownership. Bicycles will be disposed of if not claimed within 30 days.

The presence of any bicycle on any street or other area when standing or parked in violation of this ordinance is prima facie evidence that the owner of the bicycle committed or authorized the commission of the violation.

ARTICLE V.

BICYCLE MONITORS

Section 1. The President or his/her designee is authorized in the name of the Regents of the University of Minnesota to appoint and train student employees designated as University of Minnesota bicycle monitors, whose salary, wages and other terms and conditions of employment shall be determined pursuant to the University of Minnesota Student Employment Rules.

Section 2. Bicycle monitors shall have the authority to patrol University of Minnesota property on University of Minnesota owned bicycles and to issue traffic tags for parking and/or moving violations committed by bicyclists or pedestrians under this code on property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota. Such tags shall have the same force and effect as though issued by a duly appointed qualified and acting peace officer.

ARTICLE VI.

VIOLATIONS

Section 1. Prima facie violations. The presence of any bicycle on any street when standing or parked in violation of this ordinance is prima facie evidence that the registered owner of the bicycle committed or authorized the commission of the violation.

Section 2. Separate violations. Unless otherwise provided, each act of violation and every day on which a violation occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense.

Section 3. Penalties. Any person found violating any of the provisions of this ordinance upon conviction shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

ARTICLE VII.

SAVING CLAUSE

If any part or parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE VIII.

EFFECTIVE DATE

This ordinance and any amendments thereto shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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ORDINANCE NO. 4

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION ("UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA"), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

APPLICATION

This ordinance and subsequent ordinances unless expressly stated therein, shall apply to the regulation of skateboarding and roller skating upon all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

ARTICLE II.

DEFINITIONS

The following words and phrases when used in this ordinance have the meanings given them below:

Section 1. Skateboard. "Skateboard" means a device for riding upon, usually while standing, consisting of a piece of wood or other composition mounted on skate wheels, with or without motorized power.

Section 2. Roller Skate. "Roller skate" means a form of skate having small wheels or rollers instead of a runner. The term shall also include devices commonly known as in-line skates and roller skis.

Section 3. Unless specifically defined herein, any term used in this ordinance and defined in Minnesota Statutes Section 169.01 has the meaning given it by that Section.

ARTICLE III.

PROHIBITIONS

Section 1. Skateboarding. No person shall ride or operate a skateboard upon properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota, including but not limited to buildings, mall and plaza areas, sidewalks, streets, alleys and parking facilities where applicable.

Section 2. Roller Skating. No person shall ride or operate roller skates upon properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota, except in a prudent and careful manner, with reasonable regard for the safety of the operator and other persons.

ARTICLE IV.

VIOLATIONS

Section 1. Penalties. Any person found violating any of the provisions of this ordinance upon conviction shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

Section 2. Impoundment. Any police officer who observes a person violating this Oordinance is authorized to seize the person's skateboard or roller skates and impound them at the University of Minnesota Police Department for twenty-four (24) hours.

ARTICLE V.

SAVING CLAUSE

If any part or parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE VI.

EFFECTIVE DATE

This ordinance and any amendments thereto shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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ORDINANCE NO. 5

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION ("UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA"), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

APPLICATION

This ordinance shall apply to the regulation of traffic and parking upon the University Transitway.

ARTICLE II.

DEFINITIONS

The following words and phrases when used in this ordinance shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section:

Section 1. "University Transitway" means the University of Minnesota owned roadway connecting the Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses.

Section 2. "Emergency Vehicle" means public police and fire vehicles, and public and private ambulances.

Section 3. "Public Works, Maintenance and Service Vehicles" include public and private repair and construction vehicles and equipment; public and private street cleaning and snow removal vehicles and equipment; public and private water and sewer repair and construction vehicles and equipment; and public and private vehicles and equipment engaged in construction, service and repair of electric, gas, telephone or other public utility facility, all such vehicles only while engaged in the stated activities on the University Transitway or on property immediately adjacent where access is required from the University Transitway.

Section 4. "Public Carriers" include University of Minnesota contracted vehicles engaged in the mass transportation of persons by bus between Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses with intermediate stops at University of Minnesota designated locations.

Section 5. Unless specifically defined herein, any term used in this ordinance and defined in Minnesota Statutes Section 169.01 has the meaning given it by that Section.

ARTICLE III.

TRAFFIC PROVISION

Section 1. Limited Access. No motor vehicle or other vehicle shall travel on the University Transitway except emergency vehicles; public works, maintenance and service vehicles; and public carriers.

No limitation or prohibition shall apply to vehicles on a street intersecting or crossing such part of the University Transitway.

ARTICLE IV.

SPEED

Section 1. No person shall travel in excess of the posted speed limit. The President or his/her designee is authorized to determine the posted speed limit in consultation with appropriate University of Minnesota police, health and safety and appropriate engineering officials. Such speed limit shall not be in excess of 40 mph.

ARTICLE V.

PARKING

Section 1. Parking is prohibited on the University Transitway.

ARTICLE VI.

VIOLATIONS

Section 1. Prima facie violations. The presence of any vehicle on the University Transitway when standing or parked in violation of this ordinance is prima facie evidence that the registered owner of the vehicle committed or authorized the commission of the violation.

Section 2. Separate violations. Unless otherwise provided, each act of violation and every day on which a violation occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense.

Section 3. Penalties. Any person found violating any of the provisions of this ordinance upon conviction shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

ARTICLE VII.

SAVING CLAUSE

If any part or parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE VIII.

EFFECTIVE DATE

This ordinance shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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ORDINANCE NO. 6

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, A CONSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION (“UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA”), DOES ORDAIN:

ARTICLE I.

APPLICATION

This ordinance shall apply to the regulation of mopeds in their operation and parking upon parking facilities, highways, streets, private roads and roadways, as herein defined, situated on all properties owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota.

ARTICLE II.

DEFINITIONS

The following words and phrases when used in this ordinance have the meanings given them below:

Section 1. Moped. “Moped” means a motorized bicycle that is propelled by an electric or a liquid fuel motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged.

Section 2. Operate. “Operate” means to drive or be in actual physical control of a moped.

Section 3. "University Transitway" means the University of Minnesota owned roadway connecting the Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses.

ARTICLE III.

OPERATION OF MOPEDS

Section 1. General Provision. All mopeds shall be operated in accordance with Local, State, Federal, and University of Minnesota Twin Cities Campus permitting regulations.

Section 2. No person shall operate a moped upon property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota except in a prudent and careful manner, with reasonable regard to the safety of the operator and other persons.

Section 3. Current Registration. No person shall operate or park a moped upon property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota unless said moped is currently registered under the current owner with the State of Minnesota and displays a valid license plate.

Section 4. Pedestrian Areas. No person shall ride a moped on sidewalks, crosswalks, pedestrian walkways, service drives, or wheelchair ramps located on property owned, leased or occupied by the University of Minnesota, unless the area is specifically designated for use by motorized vehicles.

Section 5. Bicycle Paths or Lanes. No person shall operate a moped on a designated bicycle path or lane.

Section 6. Washington Avenue Pedestrian Bridge. No person shall ride a moped on the Washington Avenue Pedestrian Bridge. A person may, however, walk across the Washington Avenue Pedestrian Bridge with a moped.

Section 9. University Transitway. No person shall operate a moped on the University Transitway.

Section 10. Restricted Areas. No person shall operate a moped in any area that is restricted to emergency vehicles and buses.

Section 11. Helmets. No person under 18 shall operate a moped without a helmet.

Section 12. Eye Protection. No person shall operate a moped without eye protection.

Section 13. Standard Equipment. No person shall operate a moped that lacks any of the following in working order: headlight, taillight, horn, mirror, or stop lamp.

Section 15. Passengers. No person shall carry a passenger while operating a moped.

Section 16. Carrying Objects. No person shall operate a moped while carrying any object that prevents the person from keeping both hands upon the handlebars.

Section 17. Liability Insurance. No person shall operate a moped without liability insurance.

Section 18. Buildings and Building Elevators. No person shall transport a moped in University of Minnesota building elevators or operate a moped in University of Minnesota buildings.

Section 19. Pedestrians. All persons operating mopeds shall yield to pedestrians.

ARTICLE IV.

PARKING AND STORAGE OF MOPEDS

Section 1. Mopeds may park in any public parking facility and pay the posted rate.

Section 2. Designated Moped Parking. Moped permits are valid only in designated moped parking areas. Mopeds parked in any designated moped parking areas must display a valid moped parking permit.

Section 3. Surface Lots. Full-time staff or faculty with an active surface lot contract may park a moped in their assigned surface lot.

Section 4. Bicycle Racks and Parking Areas. No person shall park a moped at a bicycle rack or bicycle parking area on the University of Minnesota Twin Cities Campus.

Section 5. Attaching to Fixtures. No person shall park or lock a moped to a fixture outside of designated parking areas, including, but not limited to: a utility pole, bollards, tree, railing, sign post, or fence.

ARTICLE V.

VIOLATIONS

Section 1. Citations. Improperly parked or non-permitted mopeds may be cited by authorized University personnel.

Section 2. Current Registration and Permitting. Mopeds that do not display a current and valid plate, and a valid parking permit, as applicable, may be cited, towed and impounded.

Section 3. Prima facie violation. The presence of any moped on any part of the University of Minnesota Twin Cities Campus when standing or parked in violation of this ordinance is prima facie evidence that the registered owner of the moped committed or authorized the commission of the violation.

Section 4. Separate violations. Unless otherwise provided, each act of violation and every day on which a violation occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense.

Section 5. Penalties. Any person found violating any of the provisions of this ordinance upon conviction shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

ARTICLE VI.

SAVING CLAUSE

If any part of parts of this ordinance shall be held unconstitutional, such fact shall not affect the validity of the remaining parts of this ordinance. The University of Minnesota hereby declares it would have passed the remaining parts of this ordinance if it had not known that such part or parts thereof would be declared unconstitutional.

ARTICLE VII.

EFFECTIVE DATE

This ordinance shall be enforced and in effect upon the filing of the same with proof of publication thereof with the Secretary of State of the State of Minnesota.

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